[Co III] versus Na I D in Type Ia supernova spectra

Luc Dessart, D. John Hillier, Stéphane Blondin, and Alexei Khokhlov, 2014, MNRAS, 439, 3114

The high metal content and fast expansion of supernova (SN) Ia ejecta lead to considerable line overlap in their optical spectra. Uncertainties in composition and ionization further complicate the process of line identification. In this paper, we focus on the 5900A emission feature seen in SN Ia spectra after bolometric maximum, a line which in the last two decades has been associated with [Co III] 5888A or Na I D. Using non-LTE time-dependent radiative-transfer calculations based on Chandrasekhar-mass delayed-detonation models, we find that Na I D line emission is extremely weak at all post-maximum epochs. Instead, we predict the presence of [Co III] 5888A after maximum in all our SN Ia models, which cover a range from 0.12 to 0.87 Msun of 56Ni. We also find that the [Co III] 5888A forbidden line is present within days of bolometric maximum, and strengthens steadily for weeks thereafter. Both predictions are confirmed by observations. Rather than trivial taxonomy, these findings confirm that it is necessary to include forbidden-line transitions in radiative-transfer simulations of SNe Ia, both to obtain the correct ejecta cooling rate and to match observed optical spectra.

The full paper is available here: arXiv ADS -->

The models discussed in this paper can be downloaded here: SNIa_DDC_PDDEL_D14a.tgz (10M). This also includes the input hydrodynamical model at 0.98 d past explosion.